RouterA is currently configured correctly and is providing the routing function for devices on SwitchA and SwitchB. SwitchA is currently configured correctly, but will need to be modified to support the addition of SwitchB. SwitchB has a minimal configuration. You have been tasked with competing the needed configuring of SwitchA and SwitchB. SwitchA and SwitchB use Cisco as the enable password.

Configuration Requirements for SwitchA

– The VTP and STP configuration modes on SwitchA should not be modified.
– SwitchA needs to be the root switch for vlans 11, 12, 13, 21, 22 and 23. All other vlans should be left are their default values.

Configuration Requirements for SwitchB

– Vlan 21, Name: Marketing, will support two servers attached to fa0/9 and fa0/10
– Vlan 22, Name: Sales, will support two servers attached to fa0/13 and fa0/14
– Vlan 23, Name: Engineering, will support two servers attached to fa0/15 and fa0/16
– Access ports that connect to server should transition immediately to forwarding state upon detecting the connection of a device.
– SwitchB VTP mode needs to be the same as SwitchA.
– SwitchB must operate in the same spanning tree mode as SwitchA.
– No routing is to be configured on SwitchB.
– Only the SVI vlan 1 is to be configured and it is to use address 192.168.1.11/24.

Inter-switch Connectivity Configuration Requirements:

– For operational and security reasons trunking should be unconditional and Vlans 1, 21, 22 and 23 should tagged when traversing the trunk link.
– The two trunks between SwitchA and SwitchB need to be configured in a mode that allows for the maximum use of their bandwidth for all vlans. This mode should be done with a non-proprietary protocol, with SwitchA controlling activation.
– Propagation of unnecessary broadcasts should be limited using manual pruning on this trunk link.

Note: There is a requirement that the trunk between SwitchA and SwitchB must be configured under physical interfaces, not logical port-channel interface

SW-A (close to router)
Note: If Sw-A does not have Vlan 11, 12, 13 we have to create them first with command “SW-A(config)#vlan 11,12,13”
SW-A(config)#vlan 21
SW-A(config)#vlan 22
SW-A(config)#vlan 23
SW-A(config)#spanning-tree vlan 11-13,21-23 root primary

SW-A(config)#interface range fa0/3 – 4
SW-A(config-if)#no switchport mode access
SW-A(config-if)#no switchport access vlan 98 (These two commands must be deleted to form a trunking link)
SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
SW-A(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk native vlan 99
SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 1,21-23
SW-A(config-if)#channel-group 1 mode active
SW-A(config-if)#channel-protocol lacp
SW-A(config-if)#no shutdown

Note: In practical when you apply commands under “interface port-channel 1”, the same commands will be automatically applied to the physical member interfaces (of port-channel 1) so you don’t need to type them under physical member interfaces again. But in this exam you should configure everything under physical interfaces as there is a requirement to do so.

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SW-B (far from router)
SW-B(config)#vlan 21
SW-B(config-vlan)#name Marketing
SW-B(config-vlan)#exit

SW-B(config)#vlan 22
SW-B(config-vlan)#name Sales
SW-B(config-vlan)#exit

SW-B(config)#vlan 23
SW-B(config-vlan)#name Engineering
SW-B(config-vlan)#exit
SW-B(config)#vlan 99
SW-B(config-vlan)#name TrunkNative // not necessary to name it but just name it same as SwitchA
SW-B(config-vlan)#exit
SW-B(config)#interface range fa0/9 – 10
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 21
SW-B(config-if-range)#spanning-tree portfast
SW-B(config-if-range)#no shutdown
SW-B(config-if-range)#exit

SW-B(config)#interface range fa0/13 – 14
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 22
SW-B(config-if-range)#spanning-tree portfast
SW-B(config-if-range)#no shutdown
SW-B(config-if-range)#exit

SW-B(config)#interface range fa0/15 – 16
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 23
SW-B(config-if-range)#spanning-tree portfast
SW-B(config-if-range)#no shutdown
SW-B(config-if-range)#exit

SW-B(config)#vtp mode transparent

SW-B(config)#spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst //Same as Sw-A

SW-B(config)#ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1 (you can get this IP from SW-A with command show cdp neighbour detail) // not sure about this command because the question says “No routing is to be configured on SwitchB”.

SW-B(config)#interface vlan 1
SW-B(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.11 255.255.255.0
SW-B(config-if)#no shutdown
SW-B(config-if)#exit

SW-B(config)#interface range fa0/3 – 4
SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
SW-B(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk native vlan 99 //this command will prevent the “Native VLAN mismatched” error on both switches
SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 1,21-23
SW-B(config-if)#channel-group 1 mode passive //mode passive because “SwitchA controlling activation”
SW-B(config-if)#channel-protocol lacp
SW-B(config-if)#no shutdown

Note: For Sw-B we have to set the 802.1q trunking protocol (switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q) before converting it into a trunk because it is a 3500 series (or higher) switch which supports both ISL and 802.1Q and we have to explicitly set which trunking protocol to be used. Sw-A is a 2900x series (or lower) switch and does not support ISL trunking protocol (802.1Q is the only supported trunking protocol) so we can apply “switchport mode trunk” directly.

Some notes for this sim:

  • You should check the initial status of both switches with these commands: show vtp status (transparent mode on SwitchA and we have to set the same mode on SwitchB), show spanning-tree [summary] (rapid-pvst mode on SwitchA and we have to set the same mode on SwitchB), show vlan (check the native vlan and the existence of vlan99), show etherchannel 1 port-channel and
  • show ip int brief (check if Port-channel 1 has been created and make sure it is up), show run (to check everything again).
  • When using “int range f0/x – y” command hit space bar before and after “-” otherwise the simulator does not accept it.
  • You must create VLAN 99 for the SwitchB. SwitchA already has VLAN 99 configured.
  • At the end, you can try to ping from SwitchB to RouterA (you can get the IP on RouterA via the show cdp neighbors detail on SwitchA), not sure if it can ping or not. If not, you can use the “ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1” on SwitchB.
  • The name of SwitchA and SwitchB can be swapped or changed so be careful to put your configuration into appropriate switch.

The following “show” commands should be used to verify the configuration:

#show vlan (check if the VLANs and VLAN names are correct)
#show interface trunk (check if physical and port-channel is in trunking mode; the native VLANs on two switches match; allowed VLANs are correct)
#show etherchannel summary (check Etherchannel status and LACP mode)
#show ip interface brief (make sure the configured ports are up/up)
#show spanning-tree (check STP mode)
#show spanning-tree detail (can be used to check PortFast on specific interface but not sure if this command is supported in the exam)
#show vtp status
#show run (verify everything again)

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